Work Permit

Work permt is a permission which is given by Ministry of Labour of Republic of Turkey to foreign employees and companies which would like to employ foreigners. There is four types of work permit as temporary, permanenet, independent and Turquoise cards. The work permit application could be done via https://ecalismaizni.csgb.gov.tr/#/eizin by using electronic signature of employer or by authorized consultancy firm on behalf of the employer. Foreigners cannot obtain work permit on behalf of themself, without employers.

Under contemporary globalization, inevitably labor markets have become increasingly integrated. In order to manage international labor mobility more effectively, especially in those emerging markets and developing countries, new labor migration policies have been established or the existing ones have been re-organized rapidly. At this point, achieving a right balance between the protection of local employment and the relaxation of barriers before high-skilled foreign labor has been the main concern of the state, which led to the introduction of effective tools in the management of international labor mobility.

2003 has been a remarkable year for Turkey to review its rules and principles dealing with the employment of foreign workers in Turkey. As one of the most popular destinations within the global labor market, Turkey has introduced and effectively has reformed a new system to control foreign labor immigration. In the purpose of centralization of work permits system under one code ‘Law no: 4817 on Work Permits of Foreigners’ was originally enacted on 27th February 2003, as the principal legislation in controlling entry of foreign nationals in the Turkish labor market. Subsequently the same year ‘Regulation on the Implementation of the Law on Work Permits for Foreigners’[1] has been introduced to set forth the rules and principles regarding the implementation of the Law on Work Permits of Foreigners. Furthermore, within the context of encouraging foreign direct investments, a new Foreign Direct Investment act was voted and became effective on 5th June 2003. Under the new FDI law, a special treatment is granted to the employment of expatriates with a separate regulation on the employment of expatriates under foreign direct investments. To encourage the employers to seek to employ high skilled foreign workers as well as to prevent informal foreign employment in Turkey, the past few years we have witnessed both systematical and procedural reforms in the Turkish legislation about the foreign labor immigration. Simplification of the eligibility conditions in work permit applications, adaptation of a new automated system for the work permit applications, a shortening in the period of the finalization of the work permit applications and a reduction in the procedural costs of applications might be considered main themes of the reform in the Turkish work permit system. There is no doubt that those further amendments have provided to the Turkish work permit system a more simplified, understandable and dynamic outlook.

The Law on Work Permits of Foreigners provides a legal framework about the employment of foreigners in Turkey by specifying  the rules and the principles to be applied at the procedures concerning work permits of foreigners. The law, in its relevant sections, specifies the types of work permits, outlines the exemptions and restrictions and formulates the rules about granting, extending, rejecting and canceling the working permissions.

 

The Turkish Ministry of Labor and Social Security is entitled as a competent authority in the work permit process of foreigners. However certain Ministries, Public Institutions and Organizations are also empowered to grant working permissions.  On the basis of their existing authorities arising from relevant Turkish legislation, Prime Ministry, Ministry of National Defense, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Economy , General Directorate of Free Zones and  Council of Higher Education have the competence to grant working permission for specific categories of professions.

As a general rule, individuals who have no citizenship bond with the Republic of Turkey, in order to either work dependently or independently, are obliged to have a valid working permission before they start to work.  Exceptionally, for the working periods no more than one month, in the state of necessity or for the sake of state benefits, by prior notification of relevant authorities and with the ministry approval, working permit may be given after starting to work.

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Ata İnstitutonal Consultancy provides the service throughout whole Turkey including İstanbul, Ankara, Antalya, İzmir, Mugla, Bursa and Gaziantep. İf you have any questions, please feel free to contact us.

The rules and principles stipulated in the Law on Work Permits of Foreigners are applicable to the foreigners working dependently or independently in Turkey. Those foreigners who receive a job training and the natural and judicial persons that employ foreigners are included within the scope of Law No. 4817 as well. The term “foreigner” in general refers to a person who is not a Turkish citizen under the Turkish Citizenship Law.[1] However those Turkish citizens by birth who got permission to renounce citizenship from the Ministry of Interior are excluded from the scope of Law No. 4817. Moreover, press reporters who are subjected to Press Law, Members of Foreign Press Organs, foreigners who are exempted from working permission requirement in their employment in Turkey due to reciprocity principle, international and European Union laws and foreigners who are employed or granted with working permission by the other Ministries, Public Institutions and Organizations [2] are not included within the scope of the Law on Work Permits of Foreigners.

In accordance with the article 15 of the Law on Work Permits of Foreigners, certain professions are reserved only for Turkish citizens. Different legal instruments in Turkey, prohibit foreigners to work either dependently or independently in  certain professions and occupations. Foreigners are not allowed to work; (i) as attorney[3] (ii)  as notary public[4] (iii) as security guard at private or public institutions[5] (iv) as customs broker and assistant customs broker[6] (v) as dentist, midwife and nurse[7] (vi) as pharmacist[8] (vii) as Veterinarian [9] (vii) as director in private hospitals[10].

Moreover in accordance with Turkish Cabotage Law[11]

“The right to catch or obtain fish, oysters, mussels, sponges, pearls, coral, mother-or-pearl and the like, extract sand, gravel and the like, extract and salvage sunken ships and vessels or shipwrecks and the like either on the surface or on the bottom of the sea, perform diving, searching, piloting and maritime supply, work as captain, secretary, crew or workman or in another capacity on Turkish maritime vessels, and carry out wharf porterage or any type of maritime business, within Turkish continental waters, shall belong exclusively to Turkish nationals.”

Additionally, law no: 6458 on Foreigners and Internal Protection defines the cases in which foreigners may not apply for work permit. Article 27(2) of law no: 6458 states that the following foreigners (who are defined in the article 7 of the law no: 6458) may not apply for work permit.

 “i) it is determined that his or her passport, passport substituting document, visa or residence permit or work permit is absent or fraudulent; or that he or she has obtained these permits fraudulently, ii) he or she does not hold a passport or a passport substitute document which is valid for at least sixty days as of the expiry of visa, visa exemption or residence permit, iii) he or she falls under the scope of the foreigners listed under the first paragraph of Article 15, without prejudice to the second paragraph of Article 15 of this Law, and regardless of whether or not he or she is exempted from a visa.”


[1] Law No. 5901 Date of Enactment: 29.05.2009 Published in the Official Gazette on 12 June 2009, No. 27256

[2] Law No. 4817, Art. 2

[3] Law No. 1136 on Attorneys

[4] Law No. 1512 on Notary Public

[5] Law No. 2495 on the Protection and Security of Certain Institutions and Organizations, as security guards at private or public institutions.

[6] Articles 227 and 228 of Law No. 4458 on Customs.

[7] Law no: 1219 on the Practice of Medicine and its Branches

[8] Law No. 6197 on Pharmacies and Pharmacists

[9] Law No. 6343 on the Pursuit of Veterinary Medicine Profession,

Establishment and Duties of Turkish Veterinary Medical Association and Veterinary Medical Chambers,

[10] Private Hospitals Act No. 2219

[11] Law No. 815 Date of Enactment: 19.4.1926 Published in the Official Gazette 0n 29 April 1926, No. 359

520 Comments

  • Mike james

    June 26th this year my employer applied for work permit for me but Up till now we haven’t seen or hear any response. My current tourist resident permit will expire 30th of this month. Can I apply for tourist resident renewal while waiting for the work permit result? What could be the reason for the delay

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      Currently delays in work permit application procedures are common, however your employer should check status of your application with Ministry of Labor. You are allowed to extend your residence permit during work permit application process, however residence permit does not entitle you to work within Turkey, you can start working once the work permit card is issued.

      Kind Regards,

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  • Hamid

    Hello Expat,

    My employer applied for my work permit since late June till today (two and half month now) and according to my employer, they haven’t received any reply or email from the ministry of labor yet.

    Please is there delay in the processing due to the COVID-19 or there is a different reason for the delay?

    Please your response is very much appreciated. Thank you.

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      Official evaluation time of work permit application is 30 working days, however currently it is very common that there are delays in applications, especially those submitted through Turkish consulates. Your employer can check status of your application by contacting Ministry of Labor.

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      • Hamid

        Thank you so much for the information. My employer submitted the application here in Turkey. I also live in Turkey. Can they still check up with the ministry of labor? Thank you.

  • Abdulaziz

    Thank you for these information, very appreciated.
    I have a question, if the employer that I work with decided to not renew my work permit (for any reason) what are my options then? Can I apply for tourist permit in order to stay and find another job? (another work permit). Does my employer have full control over my work permit residency in the country?

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      If your work permit will not be extended and you find another employer before its expiration transfer of work permit to another workplace can be made. Otherwise you can apply for residence permit before expiration of your work permit under condition that you did not obtain touristic residence permit within past two years. This rule does not apply to UE citizens, citizens of OECD countries, Russia and China, who can renew and extend touristic residence permit multiple times. If none of abovementioned is possible, you must leave Turkey within 10 days upon expiration of your work permit. Later, if you find another employer, they can apply for work permit through Turkish consulate in your home country.

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      • Abdulaziz

        Thank you very much. I really appreciate your help.
        Few questions if you don’t mind. From what I’ve read on the internet, if I buy a property (e.g. an apartment) I can get residency based on the ownership of that property, and this residency can be renewed multiple times in a row. Is that correct? Can I apply for this type of residency in the 10 days window? (After expiration of my work permit and not being able to find another job in time).
        I plan to move to turkey and stabilize there, hoping to get the citizenship by getting work permits for 5 years. Do these 5 years need to be in a row or it’s fine to be segmented? (I’m a doctor, if my work permit expired and I couldn’t find another hospital to work with for few months, do the period of 5 years reset?
        Sorry for my lengthy message. I really couldn’t find the information on the internet. Your help is immensely helpful to me.

  • Is it possible to obtain a work permit with a limited liability company ? how is the process ?

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      If the company meets a criteria of Ministry of Labor as paid capital of at least 100.000 TL and is employing at least 5 Turkish citizens per each foreigner in the company, work permit application can be submitted. Work application can be only submitted by the employer/company owner, foreigners can not apply for work permit in their own name unless they are company owners. Application for foreigner who has residence permit valid in total for at least 6 months can be done within Turkey. For foreigners who are not residence permit holders, application must be done via Turkish Consulate in their home country.

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  • Mariam

    Hey! My old work place will terminate my work permit soon and I’m sure my new place won’t be able to transfer it on time.
    I’m trying to apply for the red tourist card, do I apply as a first timer? Because when I applied to “transfer” it told me this permit isn’t valid (even though it is) and when I applied to renew it told me your red tourist visa has sleazy expired and that I must apply as a “first timer” .. any info on this?

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      Once work permit card is issued residence permit is getting cancelled. That is why even if according to the date on your residence permit card it should be still valid, you can not use the document to submit extension application. You must submit residence permit application as a first time before your work permit will be cancelled. Please, be informed that touristic residence permit can be obtained only once within two years unless you are citizen of one of EU countries, OECD countries, Russia or China. If you are not citizen of one of above and you obtained touristic permit before you may not be eligible for residence permit application.

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  • Shaista

    How many days before the first work permit card expires do you have to apply for the second card?
    Is there any time restriction school can send your dacuments even last day of expire.
    I am teacher and my school my dacuments to renew work permit but still they didn’t apply yet I have ten days left until my card expires.

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      Work permit extension application can be submitted the earliest two months before expiration of your current work permit and the latest until the last day of the permit’s validity. As long as the application will be made before expiration of your current permit the date of submission does not affect result of the application.

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  • Khumar

    Hello!

    I am from Azerbaijan. I came here for my MBA (Master Bussiness of Administration) degree. While I was studying I found a job here on March, then my employer applied for me work permit. Since March there have not been any answer or email by them. it actually worries me a lot because on 18th of September my student permition will end (By the way I graduated). What can I do? Actually I did everything legally. I checked permition application, even now there is written ”assessment phase” and also I called proper organisation due to my application, the same answer by them too ”your letter of application is in proccess” Could you please inform me?

    Sincerely,

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      As we do not know any details of your application, we can not provide you with informations regarding the reason of delay in procedures. Official evaluation time is 30 working days, however due to Covid-19 for most of applications submitted between March and May this timeframe has extended a lot. For updates about progress on the application you should contact Ministry of Labor, where at this stage you can receive the most accurate and detailed information.

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  • Abu Waleed

    Dears, Your answers are valuable. I have multi fold question.
    I am owner of a Turkish “Limited Sirketi” (with paid up capital 10,000 TL) to provide internet based services to international customers (no local Turkish customer). I work from anywhere in the world and get money in my Turkish bank account.
    Q1) Do I have to have a work permit to operate this company if I am residing in Turkey or outside?
    Q2) Am I still bound to hire 5 Turkish employees to operate this company?
    Q3) What if my company engages into some export business from Turkey – do I have to have a work permit to do so?
    Q4) Is there any favorable consideration for TRC if I generate enough revenue for Turkish economy either via export or my Internet services remittances?
    Thank you once again for your kind insight to the legal system and requirements.
    Best regards

  • William

    Hello- Urgent help
    I have been working in Turkey for almost one year now and my employer wants to offer me a permanent contract. What are the visa options for this? Thanks

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      First extension of work permit can be made for maximum two years and second extension can be granted for up to three years. After residing in Turkey for at least eight years and within this period of time being a work permit holder for at least six years uninterruptedly, work permit can be granted for indefinite period of time. It is not possible to obtain this kind of permit without residing and working in Turkey for abovementioned period of time.

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  • Sophie

    Hi,

    Can you please clarify that if you hold any residency, specifically a 1 year tourist residence permit – if you then find employment you can apply with your employer for a work permit?

    Many thanks

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      Employer can apply for work permit within Turkey if foreigner is a holder of residence permit, which is valid for at least 6 months in total. Application can be submitted on basis of touristic residence permit. Time remaining until expiration date of residence permit is not taken under consideration, work permit application can be submited until the last day of residence permi’s validity.

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  • Malek Amara

    Greetings
    I am an english teacher, i have renewed my residence permit for work purpose. And now the school I will work with is in the process of applying for the work permit for me. I would like to know the exact papers I am required to provide. (residence permit, translated document of my licence degree and transcript, e-devlet account…) that’s what the school asked me for.and also my bachelor degree is in ‘English Literature Civilization and linguistics.’ I wanted to ask whether it was enough to register me as an english teacher. Because technically I have studied Pedagogy, TEYL(Teaching English for Young learners) and TEFL (Teaching English as a foreign language). Is it enough for me to get the work permit.
    Thank you for your help

  • Prathanporn

    Merhaba, I am currently in Turkey on a tourist visa (30 days granted). This is my second week here and I have just found a teaching job in Istanbul. My employer has sent me the work contract to sign. On the contract, it says that I am responsible for a work permit application and they will also help for necessary documents. The question is, am I eligible to apply for a work permit myself with support of my employer?

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      Work permit application must be submitted by your future employer. Foreigners can not apply for work permit in their own name. Application for foreigner who has residence permit valid in total for at least 6 months can be done within Turkey. For foreigners who are not residence permit holders, application must be done via Turkish Consulate in their home country. Work permit application can not be submitted basing on visa.

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  • Jeroen

    Dear Sir/Madam,

    Recently I have got my work permit. Since it substitutes a residence permit can I travel freely in and out of Turkey within the valid period? Thank you for your answer.

    Best regards,

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      You are allowed to leave and reenter Turkey without obtaining visa for as long as your work permit is valid. There is no limit of time you can spend abroad within validity of your work permit.

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  • Parisa

    Hi, I am an english teacher. I had work permit in Turkey. But I had some problems for renewing it. And I had to apply residence permit, but unfortunately I am rejected and have to go back to my country. I want to apply work permit from my country and also my school will apply from here. But I don’t know what do I need, what kind of documents. I know some of them.
    I need to know what do I need for applying?

    when I apply from my country can I come back directly? After some days ?

    And my last question how long does it take? I mean is it a long process?

    Please answer my questions. I couldn’t find my answers among the comments.

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      The school will need to provide you with job agreement and petitions, which you will need to take to Turkish consulate in your home country. You can enter Turkey with work visa, which will be issued by the consulate once your work permit application will be approved. Currently evaluation process takes approximately 30 working days. Our company can assist your employer throughout work permit application process, guide them to prepare necessary documents and submit the application on their behalf. For details you can contact us at info@expatguideturkey.com

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  • Alexander Raphael

    Looking for a new opportunity to work in turkey. I ‘m 54+ wether I am eligible to work here.
    Please suggest.

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      There is no restriction regarding age of foreign employee. If you find an employer in Turkey, they can obtain work permit for you. Foreigners can not apply for work permit in their own name or without having a job in Turkey. Application for foreigner who has residence permit valid in total for at least 6 months can be done within Turkey. For foreigners who are not residence permit holders, application must be done via Turkish Consulate in their home country.

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  • Abdul ghafur

    Hi
    Im Bangladeshi passport holder living in dubai next September im coming to turkey possible apply for residents permit thanks

  • Francel

    Hello,
    Is that possible to make a new residential permit when your time is finished in Turkey?
    Last year I applied through Aiesec and I got my resident and work permit.
    They informed us for this year that I can applied myself. I got the appointment and went there with my company contract. But they did not give the residential permit in the immigration office.
    And they informed because time is finished I they cannot apply for work permit, otherwise I should get the letter from Aiesec and not the company.
    I do not want to work with Aiesec again, so I wonder if I can apply for a new resident permit and if I am legal till my appointment date is passed already.

    • Expatguide

      Hello,
      It is not possible to apply for residence permit if your previous permit has already expired. In order to submit residence permit application you need to leave Turkey and reenter the country with new visa. Your employer can also directly apply for work permit when you will leave Turkey so you do not need to apply for residence permit. After work permit application would be approved, work visa is issued so you are allowed to enter Turkey and start working on this basis.

      Kind Regards,

      • A.beg

        Hello Sir,

        Me and my mother are foreign nationals currently living in Turkey with my brother who has a work permit. We were staying with the Turkish one year resident permit card(tourist status) granted last year because of my brothers work permit. Last week our renewal application was rejected. So now we dont have the resident permit. I wanted to ask some queries.

        1. After the rejection can I reapply for the resident permit or can it be possible to apply for a work permit such as (take care of old lady or a baby).
        2. Secondly if we have to leave, due to pandemic situation the flights are not there to my country. How long can I stay without paying any money fine penalty.
        3. Is there now any way I can reapply and stay in Turkey again without leaving Turkey.

        Please let know, looking forward to your reply.
        Thank you

        • Expatguide

          Hello,
          It is not possible to reapply for residence permit unless you leave Turkey and reenter the country with new visa. Please, be informed that you can not apply for the same type of permit within 6 months upon rejection of your application. Currently touristic residence permit can be obtained for up to one year only once within every two years. If you find a job within Turkey, your future employer can only apply for your work permit after you go to your home country as in order to apply within Turkey you must be residence permit holder. Foreigners do not have to pay fine for overstaying in Turkey under consition that they leave the country within 30 days since the flights to their home country starts.

          Kind Regards,

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  • Muhammad

    Dear sir
    I have two questions 1st one is that i am a Pakistani if i obtain turkish Trc then can i apply visit visa of any country from turkey. 2nd question is if i want to start a small business in turkey to get work permit so how much money in dollars minimum i need to start a small business like a shop or food corner etc.

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