TURKISH CITIZENSHIP 2017

Turkish Citizenship

Turkish Citizenship [1] (Law no. 5901 on) defines the principles and the procedures regarding the conduct of affairs and processes related to the acquisition and loss of Turkish citizenship. [2] Turkish citizenship may be acquired by birth or after birth[3]. Turkish citizenship may automatically be acquired by birth on the basis of descent or place of birth.[4] On the other hand Turkish Citizenship Act specifies three main ways to acquire Turkish citizenship after birth. Accordingly, Turkish citizenship may be acquired after birth (i) by decision of the competent authority, (ii) by adoption or (iii) by choice.[5]

HOW CAN FOREIGNERS BE TURKISH CITIZEN?

Foreigners can acquire Turkish citizenship in two ways.

1- BY BIRTH; Turkish citizenship acquired by paternity or place of birth.

  • Turkish citizenship by paternity

Marital or extramarital child who was born in or outside Turkey from a Turkish citizen mother or father, is a Turkish citizen.

  • Place of birth

The child born in Turkey but cannot acquire citizenship of any country by birth depending on the foreign mother or father and the found child whose parents cannot be identified is a Turkish citizen as of birth.

2- SUBSEQUENT; it is the Turkish citizenship which was acquired by means of a Competent Authority’s decision, Exceptional case, Marriage, Adoption and right of choice.

  • Acquiring Turkish Citizenship by a Competent Authority’s Decision

Any adult foreigner who resided in Turkey for uninterrupted 5 years and who has the ability to distinguish can apply for Turkish Citizenship with the decision of a Competent Authority provided that he/she confirms that he/she has decided to settle in Turkey with his/her behaviours, does not have a diseases which may pose a danger to the public health, is able to speak Turkish adequately, has the income or job to make a living for himself/herself and any dependent people and does not constitute a drawback in terms of National Security and public order.

  • Exceptional Turkish Citizenship

People who bring industrial facilities to Turkey or provide or are thought to provide extraordinary services in scientific, technological, economic, social, sportive, cultural and artistic areas and for whom the related ministries have submitted justified offers.

Foreigners and those who have residence permit in accordance with International Protection Law and Turquoise Card holders and their foreign spouses, underage or dependent children of them or their spouses,

Foreign individuals who are deemed necessary to be granted Turkish Citizenship.

Foreigners who are considered as immigrants can acquire Turkish citizenship exceptionally with the decision of the Cabinet of Ministers provided that such individuals does not constitute a drawback in terms of National Security and public order.

On the other hand, foreigners who meet the following criteria shall be evaluated in that scope and they can apply for Turkish Citizenship exceptionally with the decision of the

Cabinet of Ministers:

  1. Proven by the Ministry of Economy to make fixed capital investment in the amount of minimum USD 2.000.000;
  2. Proven by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanism to purchase real estate in the amount of minimum USD 1.000.000 provided that it is registered in the Title Deed Registry not to be sold for three years;
  3. Proven by the Ministry of Labour and Social Security to provide employment for at least 100 people;
  4. Proven by the Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency to deposit minimum USD 3.000.000 in banks operating in Turkey provided that such amount shall be kept in the banks for three years;
  5. Proven by the Undersecreteriat of Treasury to purchase State debt instruments in the amount of minimum USD 3.000.000 provided that such instruments are kept for three years;
  • Turkish Citizenship by Marriage

Foreigners who have been married to a Turkish citizen for at least three years can apply for Turkish citizenship.

  • Acquiring Turkish Citizenship by Adoption

Underage child adopted by a Turkish citizen can acquire Turkish citizenship as of the decision date provided that there is no drawback in terms of national security and public order.

  • Acquiring Turkish Citizenship by Right of Choice

Children, who lost citizenship depending on their parents who cease to be a Turkish citizen by getting a permit, can acquire Turkish citizenship by using their right of choice within three years after they come of age.

  • Restoration of Turkish Citizenship

People who lose Turkish citizenship by getting alienage permit and people who lost their citizenship depending on their parents who did not use their right of choice within three years can reacquire Turkish Citizenship by the decision of the Cabinet of Ministers without considering the residency time in Turkey provided that there is no drawback in terms of national security.

STEP BY STEP TURKISH CITIZENSHIP APPLICATION

Applications in relation to acquiring and losing Turkish citizenship shall be submitted in person or with a power of attorney for using such right to the;

Governorate (Provincial Birth Registration Office) in the province where the applicant resides in the country; or

The Embassies or Consulates of the Republic of Turkey abroad.

EXAMPLE FORMS FOR CITIZENSHIP APPLICATIONS

  • Turkish citizenship by paternity

VAT-1 form on the website of Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs at

https://www.nvi.gov.tr/hizmetlerimiz/vatandaslik-hizmetleri/vatandaslik-formlari

  • Birth Place

VAT-2 form on the website of Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs at

https://www.nvi.gov.tr/hizmetlerimiz/vatandaslik-hizmetleri/vatandaslik-formlari

  • Acquiring Turkish citizenship with the decision of a Competent Authority

VAT-3 form on the website of Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs at

https://www.nvi.gov.tr/hizmetlerimiz/vatandaslik-hizmetleri/vatandaslik-formlari

  • Exceptional Turkish citizenship

VAT-4 form on the website of Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs at

https://www.nvi.gov.tr/hizmetlerimiz/vatandaslik-hizmetleri/vatandaslik-formlari

  • Turkish citizenship by marriage

VAT-6 form on the website of Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs at

https://www.nvi.gov.tr/hizmetlerimiz/vatandaslik-hizmetleri/vatandaslik-formlari

  • Acquiring Turkish citizenship by adoption

VAT-7 form on the website of Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs at

https://www.nvi.gov.tr/hizmetlerimiz/vatandaslik-hizmetleri/vatandaslik-formlari

  • Acquiring Turkish citizenship by right of choice

VAT-8 form on the website of Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs at

https://www.nvi.gov.tr/hizmetlerimiz/vatandaslik-hizmetleri/vatandaslik-formlari

  • Restoration of Turkish citizenship

VAT-5 form on the website of Ministry of Interior Directorate General of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs at

https://www.nvi.gov.tr/hizmetlerimiz/vatandaslik-hizmetleri/vatandaslik-formlari

HOW TO CALCULATE RESIDENCY PERIODS?

For a foreigner, residency means residing in Turkey in accordance with the Turkish laws. In terms of validity and calculation of residency time for the foreigner who wants to acquire Turkish citizenship;

How long the foreigner resided in Turkey is determined with the residence permit issued by the Immigration Office and the document which shows the entrance and exit dates in Turkey.

The foreigner who want to acquire Turkish citizenship may be outside Turkey no longer than six months in total during the required residency period. The time period outside Turkey, which does not exceed six months in total, shall be evaluated within the anticipated residency period.

If the foreigner is outside Turkey for longer than six months in total within the residency period or stays in Turkey without valid residence permit or without getting a residence permit for longer than six months; the residency period shall be interrupted and residency period before this date shall not be taken into consideration.

Residing in Turkey without a legal residence permit or with a permit which is legal but does not specify the intention of settlement in Turkey; residing in Turkey with residence permits for asylum or immigration applicants, refugees, education, touristic, accompanying a student, treatment or foreign missionary personnel identification cards issued by diplomatic organizations or consulates shall not be accepted as valid residency in acquiring Turkish citizenship.

In the event that the person, who resided in Turkey with residency reasons which were not accepted in acquiring Turkish citizenship, is granted residency permit afterwards, pervious residency periods shall be taken into consideration. This provision shall not apply to people who were in Turkey with touristic residence permit.

WHAT ARE THE DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR TURKISH CITIZENSHIP APPLICATION?

The application is submitted by filling in the forms drawn up by the Directorate General of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs according to the type of acquiring Turkish citizenship.

Photograph, copies of passport, residence or work permit, marriage, adoption and birth certificates and power of attorney, if any, as well as medical certificate, etc. shall be enclosed in the form according to the application type.

WHAT IS THE PROCEDURE DURING APPLICATION? WHAT ARE THE TRANSACTIONS THAT THE APPLICANT IS REQUIRED TO DO?

The documents and statements in relation to applications for acquiring Turkish citizenship with the decision of a Competent Authority or by marriage may be verified at Security Authorities and other required authorities. Applicants and the spouse who is a Turkish citizen shall be interviewed.

The file consisting of documents submitted by the applicants or obtained from relevant authorities for acquiring Turkish citizenship by birth or restoration of Turkish citizenship and the interview results if any shall be submitted to the Directorate General of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs to be investigated and concluded. Applicants can check the status of the citizenship application online.

WHAT IS THE PROCESS FOLLOWING THE APPLICATION?

Application for Turkish citizenship is referred to the Directorate General of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs by the authority where the application is submitted. Directorate General of Civil Registration and Citizenship Affairs ensures that deficiencies are completed if any and sends positive or negative results to the relevant authority following necessary investigation and research. Applicants are notified by SMS or e-mail during the procedure.

WHEN IS THE CITIZENSHIP APPLICATION CONCLUDED?

Applications may be concluded in a time period between 6 months and 2 years.

HOW TO CHANGE NAME AND SURNAME, EXAMPLE FORMS

Each foreigner who acquire Turkish citizenship has the right to choose a Turkish name and surname. The foreigner may use such right while filling in application forms, in other words during application provided that the name and surname complies with the Turkish alphabet. After the citizenship is acquired, such requests shall not be taken into consideration and a court decision may be required.

CAN FOREIGNERS OF TURKISH ORIGIN BE TURKISH CITIZEN?

Foreigners who were Turkish citizen by birth but acquired other citizenships afterwards and the children who lose Turkish citizenship depending on them can apply for Turkish citizenship again. In that case, they have the right to apply without considering residency conditions. For the foreigners of Turkish origin who are citizens of foreign countries since birth, there is no different practice since 31.12.2011.

HOW TO BE A TURKISH CITIZEN WITH IDENTIFICATION CARDS FROM THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE?

Foreigners of Turkish origin, who wants to acquire Turkish citizen by claiming that he/she has an identification card in his/her name since the Ottoman Era, is obliged to prove such claim with documents including his/her identity such as birth registration or identification card. In addition, the ones who lost Turkish citizenship for any reason, who were not registered because of not being able to notify in overall and local registrations can reacquire Turkish citizenship.

RECOMMENDATIONS TO FOREIGNERS WHO WILL APPLY FOR TURKISH CITIZENSHIP FROM EXPERTS

  1. Being a citizen of the Republic of Turkey is a privilege. For that reason, it is recommended that all foreigners who apply for Turkish citizenship;
  2. Should not have a condition which may constitute a drawback in terms of national security and public order;
  3. Should note that the documents and information submitted are true;
  4. Should not submit exaggerated or misleading information and documents just to acquire Turkish citizenship.
  5. For the foreigners who apply for Turkish citizenship due to marriage with a Turkish citizen; having a child from this marriage and continuing the marriage in goodwill would provide advantage for them. The marriage should not be made just for acquiring citizenship.
  6. They are also advised not to rely on the information and recommendations provided by third party individuals or organizations other than the relevant and competent authorities.

 

Turkısh Cıtızenshıp By Investment
ACQUISITION OF CITIZENSHIP BY DECISION OF THE COMPETENT AUTHORITY
(i) CONDITIONS FOR TURKISH CITIZENSHIP APPLICATION (GENERAL)
DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR THE TURKISH CITIZENSHIP APPLICATION (GENERAL)
(ii) EXCEPTIONAL STATES IN THE ACQUISITION OF TURKISH CITIZENSHIP
DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR THE CITIZENSHIP APPLICATION (EXCEPTIONAL)
(iii) RE-ACQUISITION OF TURKISH CITIZENSHIP
DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR THE CITIZENSHIP APPLICATION (RE-ACQUISITION)
UNINTERRUPTED RESIDENCE
(iv) ACQUISITION OF TURKISH CITIZENSHIP BY MARRIAGE
DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR THE CITIZENSHIP APPLICATION (GENERAL)

Ata İnstitutonal Consultancy provides the service throughout whole Turkey including İstanbul, Ankara, Antalya, İzmir, Mugla, Bursa and Gaziantep. İf you have any questions, please feel free to contact us. (2017)


18 Responses

  1. Hi
    I’m a Canadian national. I applied for Turkish nationality 5 months ago since I’m married to a Turkish national. I have a file number and completed all formalities in the Turkish Embassy in Kuwait. My application has been approved.
    What website do I inquire with to see if may documents are ready?

  2. Dear Sir/Madam

    I am an Irish national living in Istanbul. I am married for 20 years to a Turkish national and am now applying for Turkish citizenship. My application was started in October 2016 and I am now awaiting news about it. My work permit has finished in March and I am thinking about going to Ireland in July, so what can I do if I have no residency permit or citizenship at that time? Also, is it a problem if my residency permit is no longer valid even though I am registered as having applied for turkish citizenship?

    Thanks in advance for your help.

    Sheila Sert

    • ExpatGuideTurkey ExpatGuideTurkey

      Hello, a residence or work permit may be reqired until concluding your application of Turkish citizenship. If you will not live in Turkey anymore, you can follow your application in Turkish Embassy or Consulate in country where you live.

  3. My mother was born in Izmir and I was born in the United States. I’d like to apply for and obtain dual citizenship, is there a link with the appropriate forms? Thank you.

    • ExpatGuideTurkey ExpatGuideTurkey

      Hello, if your mother has Turkish citizenship, it’s possible to apply for citizenship based on mother. But, she has not a citizenship, you can apply for Turkish citizenship if you meet the conditions ; residing in Turkey for 5 years or purchasing an house which has 1 million USD value, employing 100 people or providing 3 million USD deposit.

  4. Hi,
    Thank you so much for the valuable website and details.
    Is there any limitation of rights for the exceptional citizenship. is it identical to normal citizenship.
    As I can apply for exceptional citizenship now, but if I wait for 6 month I can apply for citizenship after a 5 years work permit.
    Many thanks.

    • ExpatGuideTurkey ExpatGuideTurkey

      Hello, there is no limitation of rights for the exceptional citizenship and there are some advantegous parts of it temper to normal citizenship. If you meet the conditions, we suggest you to apply. Your foreign spouse and children (under 18 years old) can benefit from exceptional citizenship. The process continues more quickly because there is no need some documents (health report etc).

  5. Assalamu alaykum.
    after best greetings and wishis. i would like to know/ me and my wife have residence permit in turkey. and we have different nationality. we get new baby born in turkey and regisetred from Nufus/ but unfortunetly our embassy refused to give citizenship my baby. and our baby is here without nationality. how we can get and which way he can get residence permit or citizenship or ////
    plse answer

    • ExpatGuideTurkey ExpatGuideTurkey

      If you have a residence permit in turkey and you are a citizen of two different countries besides Turkish Citizenship with your spouse, and if the embassy in Turkey does not give your child citizenship, we recommend you to apply to the embassy of your state in Turkey. If your application is negative, you will be entitled to apply for Turkish citizenship at your place of birth by documenting this situation. For citizenship and residence permit, you can apply to the provincial governor in Turkey.

  6. My late mother was Turkish citizen by origin, and my late father became Turkish citizen.

    I found out that I am registered in Nufus, but I didn’t know about it till my mother passed away.

    I have the documents that proof this.

    What are the chances of me getting Turkish citizenship.

    Thank you very much for your reply.

    Ghazwan.

    • ExpatGuideTurkey ExpatGuideTurkey

      Hello, you’ve that your late mother is a Turkish citizen, and if you have registered, you have been registered with the notification of your mother. In this case you are already a Turkish citizen. The sample of the register proves that you are a Turkish citizen.

  7. Thank you for Article

    I’m Egyptian Citizen from Turkish Albanian roots ( my great grandparents) and i have papers to prove that , i can apply for the Turkish Citizenship?

    • ExpatGuideTurkey ExpatGuideTurkey

      Hello, if your father was a Turkish citizen at your birth date, you can make an application for Turkish citizenship based on your father.

  8. Dear Sir/Madam,

    Greetings

    I present my compliments to you and have the honor to inform you that I am iraqi living in jordan and I have few inquiries regarding the turkish citizenship and if I am in title to have or not:

    My father ‘s grandfather was an officer at the ottoman army and used to have ottoman citizenship but due to war circumstances we lost most of our papers and documents so my question is can I apply for a citizenship or not and if yes how much does the case cost and the process time to get it?

    My id proves that he is my grandfather and I have an old picture of him wearing his military uniform and standing between the soldiers. But still I need his old ottoman id from the official office in turkey and also he studied in Istanbul.

    Your response and advice is highly appreciated

    With much appreciation and kindest regards

    Yours Sincerely,

    Sarah Ramly‎

    • ExpatGuideTurkey ExpatGuideTurkey

      You don’t have a right to apply because of the grandfather of your father. You can apply for citizenship based on your mather or father only.

  9. Salam
    Im moroccan married to a turkish man we have a baby girl 16 months old ..normaly i passed 3 years and 2 months living in turkey after marriage but on my residence permit i’ll finish 3 years on 1/10/2016 so i’ll be turkish citizen ..how can i apply for turkish citizen..and how long it’ll take to obtain it and should i wait till 1/10/2016 then apply for it or before

    • ExpatGuideTurkey ExpatGuideTurkey

      Hello, you are married to a Turkish citizen for more than 3 years, you have the right to have Turkish citizenship through marriage. You can apply to Turkish citizenship by marriage to the provincial governor you live in. We can not say anything certain about the process.

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