As a general rule individuals who have no citizenship bond with the Republic of Turkey, in order to work either dependently or independently, are obliged to have a valid work permit before they start to work. The rules and principles of Non Turkish citizens’ entry to the Turkish labor market are governed by the New Law on International Labour Force (law no. 6735) which was enacted on 28th July 2016. The Turkish Ministry of Labor and Social Security is entitled as a competent authority for processing the work permit applications, granting, extending, restricting or canceling work permits.
TYPES OF WORK PERMITS
1. WORK PERMIT WITH DEFINITE PERIOD OF TIME
After taking several economic and demographic factors of the Turkish labor market into account, the Ministry of Labor and Social Security may grant a work permit for a definite period of time to the applicants. A Work Permit with definite period of time provides to the holders the right to work in an appointed profession, in a definite geographical zone, for an appointed employer within a specific time frame. By law, the work permits of definite period of time are valid at most for one year. At the end of the one year term, the work permit may be extended up to two years to work in the same job for the same employer. At the end of the two years extension, the work permit may be extended at most three more years to work in the same job for the same employer.
2. WORK PERMIT WITH INDEFINITE PERIOD OF TIME
A foreigner may be eligible for a work permit of indefinite period of time, if meets one the following criteria;
• The Foreigner should have been residing in Turkey legally and uninterruptedly for 8 years (with valid Long Term Residence Permit)
• The Foreigner should have a total legal working period of 8 years in Turkey. (with valid work permit)
The work permit of indefinite period of time is granted without taking the status of the business market into consideration. Moreover it is not restricted for a certain operation, profession, civil or geographical area.
3. INDEPENDENT WORK PERMIT
A foreigner who shall work independently on his/her own account may be granted with an independent work permit if he/she has legally and uninterruptedly resided in Turkey for at least five years.
An independent work permit for a definite period of time in line with Turkish International Labor Force Policy might be granted to the foreigners who shall work independently on him/her own behalf and account. Additionally, under new law, shareholder managers of limited companies, shareholder members of board of Joint Stock Companies and shareholder managers of Commandite Companies are required to obtain work permit.
4. TURQUOİSE CARD
Turquoise Card could be granted to foreigners as an indefinite work permit. The Turquoise Card would be granted through the recommendation of the Turkish International Labor Force Council by considering several factors such as the education level of the applicant, their professional experience, their contribution to science and technology, and the impact of activities and investments in Turkey on the economy and employment.
To the spouse and dependent children of the Turquoise Card holders, a document shall be given which indicates that they are relatives of a Turquoise Card holder and which can be used as residence permit.
As per article 11, Turquoise card might be granted for a transition period, first three years. The application for extension should be filed within 180 days before or in any case before the expiry date of the Turquoise card. Turquoise card, then, might be extended for indefinite period of time. https://www.expatguideturkey.com/turquoise-card Please consult the associated article on Exceptional Work Permits.
5. EXCEPTIONAL WORK PERMIT https://www.expatguideturkey.com/exceptional-work-permit Please consult the associated article on Exceptional Work Permits.