With top universities in the world rankings, successful academicians and advanced laboratory facilities, Turkey is an ideal country for students who want to get undergraduate and master education.
For higher education covering at least two-year training programs, it is first necessary to graduate from compulsory secondary education. Higher education institutions covering associate, bachelor, master and doctorate programs; institutes, conservatories, faculties and vocational colleges.
There are more than 180 state and private universities in Turkey and sees that more than 7 million students study at universities in total.
Terms of Admission for Undergraduate Programs in Turkey
Students who are wishing to study at state or private universities must apply to the universities personally. Each university determines its own entrance requirements and will never accept students in Turkey except for these conditions. Generally, universities that accept students in Turkey is demanding the following conditions:
● Secondary education diploma and transcript certifying high school grades must be available after primary and secondary education.
● Must have got enough points from the exams such as GCE, ACT, SAT which are internationally valid or the required score from the Examination for Foreign Students (YÖS) must be taken.
● Other acceptance conditions are announced on the websites of the universities.
What is the Examination for Foreign Students (YÖS) ?
Like each country and education system of the world, Turkey also must obtain a valid test scores in a special foreign students who want to study. In Turkey, Examination for Foreign Students (YÖS) measure different attributes.
YÖS has two stages, students must first pass a test called the ‘Basic Learning Skills Test’. In this test, which aims to measure the abstract thinking levels of candidates, there are English explanations besides Turkish questions in order to prevent language barriers from appearing. In the other phase, there is ‘Turkish Test’. Test purpose; Expressions written in Turkish are based on understanding, understanding and interpreting power. Both types of tests are also effective at university entry, although some universities may base their testing on basic learning skills while some universities may base their scores on a Turkish test.
Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in one of the citizens who are nationals of the Republic of Turkey or the KKTC citizen of the students are not entitled to enter the YÖS. Candidates on these criteria can apply for a university degree with the school diplomas they graduate with equivalent degrees.
YÖS is a type of examination that only foreign students can join.
Having Master and Doctorate Degree in Turkey
In Turkey, master’s, doctorate, specialization in medicine or proficiency programs in arts are called post-graduate programs.
The master programs have two different types like master programs with thesis and non-thesis.
Enstitüler aracılığıyla yürütülen yüksek lisans programları tezli ve tezsiz olarak iki farklı eğitim programı olarak karşımıza çıkar. Thesis master program includes 7 courses, one seminar and thesis studies; The master program without thesis covers at least 10 courses and term project. The education process of graduate programs is two years.
At least seven courses are taken in doctorate programs, proficiency exams are entered in the year, thesis proposal is created and thesis studies are started. Up to 4 semesters are allowed for completion of Ph.D. Completing the doctoral program covers 8 semesters. Candidates who will apply to the doctorate program must have a master’s degree. Enrollment specialization programs are carried out in university hospitals, hospitals affiliated to the Ministry of Health and hospitals affiliated to the Social Insurance Institution.
Foreign students applying for the graduate programs must have bachelor’s diplomas, charts showing course grades and diploma grades and references and letters of intent. The reference letter can be obtained from the instructor of the school you are graduating from, as well as from a lecturer who has already worked with your academic career. The letter of intent is written by the candidates and it is tried to be understood why they want to enter the postgraduate program. The graduate must have received the required score from any of the ALES final or international examinations for the transition.
Education Language in Turkey
As it is known, the biggest obstacle for students who want to study in a foreign country is often language barrier. Turkey has a university education models that provide convenience to the many students in this regard. Turkey are in university education data in two different languages, including Turkish and English. Students need to complete their language proficiency and participate in classes. For students who are admitted to the university but can not fulfill their language proficiency, the first year is the preparation period and this year only language training is given. At the end of the year students who are exempted from the language examination are eligible to enter the department.