A presentation describing important points in work permit / work visa and residence permit for work purpose in Turkey. You may download on Scribd.
Following you may find most common types of residence permits, however there are other categories of residence permits which varies according to travel purposes and visa types of foreigners such as residence permits for medical treatment, residence permits for internship or traineeship in Turkey, residence permit for circus shows, residence permits for sport activities, residence permits for families of foreigner residents or residence permit for foreigner instructors in Turkish Universities. All different categories might have different application procedure and have different required documents.
According to public notification of charges published in Official Gazette (No: 28515, 01 Jan 2013) work and residence permit fee schedule has been updated as below.